A homemade doughnut recipe may call for 8-10 ingredients consisting of flour, sugar, eggs, butter, yeast, oil, salt, milk/water, and few others depending on variations and flavors.
This is the ingredient list of a plain sugar glazed Krispy Kreme doughnut;
KRISPY KREME ORIGINAL GLAZED DOUGHNUT
Serving size 1 doughnut (52 grams)
Ingredients: Enriched bleached wheat flour- (contains bleached wheat flour, niacin, reduced iron, thiamine, mononitrate, riboflavin, folic acid), dextrose, vegetable shortening (partially hydrogenated soybean and/or cottonseed oil), water, sugar, soy flour, egg yolks, vital wheat gluten, yeast, nonfat milk, yeast nutrients (calcium sulfate, ammonium sulfate), dough conditioners (calcium dioxide, monocalcium and dicalcium phosphate, diammonium phosphate, sodium stearoyl-2-lacrylate, whey, starch, ascorbic acid, sodium bicarbonate, calcium carbonate), salt, mono-and-diglycerides, ethoxylated mono- and diglycerides, lecithin, calcium propionate (to retain freshness), cellulose gum, natural and artificial flavors, fungal alpha amylase, amylase, maltogenic amylase, pantosenase, protease, sodium caseinate, corn maltodextrin, corn syrup solids and BHT (to help protect flavor).
Glaze also may contain: Calcium carbonate, agar, locust bean gum, disodium phosphate, and sorbitan monostearate.
Enriched bleached wheat flour - white flour. . Bleaching is usually done with chlorine which destroys more of the vitamins and must be added back artificially.
* bleached wheat flour,
* Niacin – a B vitamin made from water, air and petroleum,
* reduced iron Generally recognised as safe,
* thiamine – a B vitamin, made from coal tar,
* riboflavin – a B vitamin commonly made from candida yeasts or other bacteria,
* folic acid – vitamin made from petroleum (mostly from china),
*vegetable shortening (partially hydrogenated soybean and/or cottonseed oil) associated with heart disease, breast and colon cancer, atherosclerosis and elevated cholesterol, and obesity. Trans fat is known to increase the “bad” cholesterol (LDL) and decrease the “good” cholesterol (HDL). It can clog your arteries and cause Type 2 Diabetes, as well as other serious health problems. They disrupt nerve cell intercommunication – associated with ADHD and ADHD like symptoms. May contain undeclared synthetic antioxidants (310-312, 319-321), most likely BHA 320 or TBHQ 319, which affect children’s health, behavior and learning.
*sugar – mostly from sugar beets. Refined sugars can promote obesity, tooth decay, and heart disease,
* calcium sulfate – Dietary Supplement, Dough Conditioner, Firming Agent, * ammonium sulfate – may cause mouth ulcers, nausea, kidney and liver problems,
* calcium dioxide - irritating to the skin,
* monocalcium and dicalcium phosphate - skin and eye irritant,
* diammonium phosphate – also used as a fertilizer, fire retardant, used in animal feed as a source of non-protein nitrogen and phosphorous,
* sodium stearoyl-2-lacrylate - emulsifier, plasticizer, surfactant,
* ascorbic acid – Antioxidant, Dietary Supplement, Nutrient, Preservative
* sodium bicarbonate – Alkali, Leavening Agent
* calcium carbonate – in general can cause mineral deficiencies,
*ethoxylated mono- and diglycerides – dough conditioners used to increase volume, emulsifier – may be soy, corn, peanut or fat based. They may cause genetic changes, cancer, birth defects, and allergic reactions,
*cellulose gum – made from cotton byproducts, used as a stabilizer shown to cause cancer in animals,
natural and artificial flavors – A single natural or artificial flavor can contain many ingredients; for example the artificial “strawberry” flavor contains 49 ingredients or chemical compounds. Companies keep the identity of artificial (and natural) flavorings secret. Flavorings may include substances to which some people are sensitive, such as MSG or HVP, another way to avoid declaring them on the label – associated with allergies, asthma, hyperactivity, possible carcinogen, allergic or behavioral reactions,
fungal alpha amylase – enzyme secreted by many fungi,
amylase – enzymes from various fungi used as antibacterial additives, imparts flavor, causes the bread to rise. Workers in factories that work with amylase are at increased risk of occupational asthma,
maltogenic amylase – an enzyme preparation produced by recombinant DNA techniques,
pantosenase - information not found,
sodium caseinate – casein texturizer, chemically produced milk powder,
corn maltodextrin – starch used as a texturizer and flavor enhancer. Produced by the chemical or enzyme breakdown of corn starch,
corn syrup solids – produced by the chemical or enzyme breakdown of corn starch, corn sugar may cause allergic reactions,
BHT – (to help protect flavor) retards rancidity in oils, can cause liver and kidney damage, allergic reactions, hyperactivity and behavioral problems, infertility, weakened immune system, birth defects, cancer; should be avoided by infants, young children, pregnant women and those sensitive to aspirin, may be toxic to the nervous system, (BHT – banned in England),
Glaze also may contain:
Calcium carbonate – chalk, used as an emulsifier, may cause constipation, occurs naturally in limestone,
agar- stabilizer and thickener obtained from various seaweed,
locust bean gum – a thickener and stabilizer in cosmetics and food extracted from the seeds of the carob tree,
disodium Phosphate – used commercially as an anti-caking additive in powdered products. May cause mild irritation to the skin and mucus membranes,
and sorbitan monostearate – referred to as a synthetic wax, emulsifier, defoamer, and flavor dispersing additive.